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Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)

Handbook on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Armed Forces Personnel

OSCE HandbookOSCE HandbookChapter 10 of the Handbook deals with conscientious objection to military service in detail. It summarises the following best practices and recommendations:

• Information should be made available to all persons affected by military service about the right to conscientious objection to military service, and the means of acquiring conscientious-objector status;

OSCE launched handbook on protecting human rights of armed forces personnel

Handbook Human Rights in the Armed ForcesHandbook Human Rights in the Armed ForcesThe OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) launched a handbook aimed at improving the protection of human rights of soldiers and other armed forces personnel in May 2008.

The handbook has been published jointly with the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).

Guidelines for Review of Legislation Pertaining to Religion of Belief

Prepared by the OSCE/ODIHR Advisory Panel of Experts on Freedom of Religion or Belief in Consultation with the European Commission for Democracy through Law (VENICE COMMISSION)

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Conscientious objection to military service.

ODIHR: Human Dimension Implementation Meeting. Consolidated Summary, 6-17 October 2003

Following-up to discussions during the Supplementary Human Dimension Meeting recommendations by many participants included the following:

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The Right to Conscientious Objection to Military Service in selected member states of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Related peace activists: 
The right to conscientious objection is derived from Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and seen as a manifestation of the freedom of religion and belief. The then CSCE stressed the right to conscientious objection in paragraph 18 of the Document of the Copenhagen meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension in June 1990.The UN Commission on Human Rights stressed the right to conscientious objection in several resolution, most recently Resolution 1998/77, 2000/34, 2002/45. The Council of Europe also stresses the right to conscientious objection, especially in resolution 337 (1967) and recommendations 1518 (2001), R (87) 8, and 816 (1977).

ODIHR: Human Dimension Implementation Meeting. Consolidated Summary, 17-27 September 2001

“Participating States which had not yet done so, were urged to enact the necessary legislation to honor the commitments made in the Copenhagen Document regarding conscientious objection.”

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http://www.osce.org/odihr/20042

Paragraph 18 of the Document of the Copenhagen meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension, 5-29 June 1990

(18) The participating States

(18.1) note that the United Nations Commission on Human Rights has recognized the right of everyone to have conscientious objections to military service;

(18.2) note recent measures taken by a number of participating States to permit exemption from compulsory military service on the basis of conscientious objections;

(18.3) note the activities of several non-governmental organisations on the question of conscientious objections to compulsory military service;

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