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Latvia

LITHUANIA & LATVIA: reacting to growing tension with Russia

Lithuania's plans to extend military conscription after 2020. Conscription was reintroduced earlier this year, planned to be only for five years. But due to the “threats from the east” they have already decided to prolong it at least by another year.

A new survey, shows that more than 50% of the population backs the re-introduction of conscription in the country. The survey also shows that the majority of those that oppose conscription belong to the 15-24 age group, the age group closest to conscription age, which is 19-26.

Conscientious objection: Legal practices and frameworks among EU member states

In this presentation I will give an overview of the right to conscientious objection, its legal practices and frameworks in the 27 European Union member states. Before I do so, I want to step back a bit and have a brief look at the existing international standards about the right to conscientious objection, as these standards allow us to put the practices in the EU member states into a perspective.

Latvia

Issues

  • Latvia does not recognise the right to conscientious objection for professional soldiers.

Military recruitment

Conscription

On 7 June, 2005, the Latvian government approved the “National Armed Forces Medium-Term Development Plan” for the period 2005-2008, which envisaged the phasing out of conscription by the end of 20061.

Observations finales du Comité des droits de l’homme: Latvia

CCPR/CO/79/LVA
06 novembre 2003

(...)

15. Le Comité note avec satisfaction qu'une nouvelle loi sur le service de remplacement, qui consacre le droit à l'objection de conscience, est entrée en vigueur en 2002. Il demeure toutefois préoccupé par la durée du service de remplacement, qui, en l'absence d'un changement dans la législation sur la conscription, est deux fois plus longue que celle du service militaire et semble discriminatoire (art. 18).

L'État partie devrait veiller à ce que le service de remplacement ne soit pas discriminatoire.

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