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Rwanda

Rwanda: recrutement, désertion et répression des soldats

Le Rwanda, pays africain enclavé, a connu récemment une période de guerre et de conflit. En 1990, une armée rebelle, composée avant tout de réfugiés tutsis en exil, attaqua l’armée régulière de l’Uganda. La guerre dura quatre ans et le groupe rebelle, le Front patriotique rwandais, prit le contrôle du pays et mit fin au génocide de 1994. Sa branche militaire, l’Armée patriotique rwandaise, intégra certains des militaires de métier vaincus et devint les Forces de défense du Rwanda.

Ce rapport examine les difficultés rencontrées pour quitter les forces armées au Rwanda au cours de la décennie passée. Il repose sur les témoignages d’anciens soldats ayant déserté l’armée (que nous appelons « A, B, C et D ». Maintenir leur anonymat est vital pour leur sécurité). Nous avons appris que :

  • en général, les soldats recrutés entre 1990 et 2012 n’ont pas signé de contrat de travail ;

  • la démarche pour quitter l’armée n’est pas bien définie pour quiconque a été recruté pendant cette période (y compris ceux qui appartiennent toujours aux forces armées à ce jour) ;

  • pour les soldats recrutés pendant cette période qui font toujours partie de l’armée, la possibilité de quitter l’armée dépend entièrement de leurs commandants ;

  • les conséquences d’une désertion peuvent être graves, mais les difficultés pour trouver des façons légales de quitter l’armée rendent souvent la désertion la seule option possible pour certains ;

  • le droit à l’objection de conscience au service militaire n’est pas respecté.

Conscientious Objection to Military Service: Issues for the Country Report Task Forces - RWANDA

Submission to the 94th Session of the Human Rights Committee: October 2008

Rwanda has never used conscription in order to recruit its national armed forces, although at various times armed opposition groups which had formerly been or were subsequently to form the government were accused of widespread forced recruitment, including of children, especially outside Rwandan territory.

National law makes no provision for conscientious objection, and there are no reports that this issue has yet arisen with regard to the national armed forces.

Rwanda

10/09/1998
In 1994 a genocide took place in Rwanda, in which an estimated 850,000 people were killed. The genocide ended when the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), the armed wing of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), invaded Rwanda and defeated the government forces (FAR). The RPA are now the official Rwandan armed forces. [5] [9]

1 Conscription

conscription does not exist

Rwanda has no conscription. [8]

recruitment

The minimum legal recruitment age is 18.

African Women for Peace

African women peace activists were very visible during the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women and the parallel NGO Forum, which took place in Beijing, China, in September 1995. A highlight of the opening ceremony for the NGO Forum featured the presentation of a peace torch by the African Women for Conflict and Peace Project. "The woman is the first person to promote peace, because she is the first victim when there is no peace," said one African activist. Below is a brief sketch of some of the peace work African women are involved in.

News

Newest WRI Women Member

Congratulations to Simone Maria Helwig on becoming the youngest WRI Women's Working Group member! Simone was born December 20, the first child of WRI Women's Working Group coordinator Maggie Helwig and former "Peace News" editor Ken Simons. Congratulations to the happy parents! Maggie and her family will be returning to Canada in a few months, where they will continue their peace work.

March 8 Activities

March 8, International Women's Day, was celebrated in a variety of ways around the world. In Turkey, the women of Izmir Savas Karsitlari Dernegi (ISKD--the Izmir War Resisters Association) produced Dario Fo's play "The Rape", and held a discussion afterwards with the audience. The women joined with other organizations to march on March 11, rather than March 8, in order to increase participation.

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