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Securing whose future? Militarism in an age of climate crisis

Nick Buxton

For anyone concerned with militarism, news of the terrorist attacks in Brussels brought a familiar sense of dread. We ache as we hear the stories of more innocent lives lost, and we feel foreboding from the knowledge that the bombings will predictably fuel new cycles of violence and horror in targeted communities at home or abroad. It creates the binary world that neocons and terrorists seek: an era of permanent war in which all our attention and resources are absorbed – and the real crises of poverty, inequality, unemployment, social alienation and climate crisis ignored.

Industrie minière, militarisation et criminalisation de la protestation sociale en Amérique latine.

Cesar Padilla, Observatoire des Conflits Miniers d'Amérique latine, OCMAL

Cela n'est pas une nouveauté: l'extractivisme en Amérique latine ne cesse d'imposer un modèle d'extraction et d'exportation toujours plus fort. La majorité des pays de la région est touchée par une course aux investissements dans le secteur minier, pétrolier, forestier ou maritime.

Toutefois, l'extractivisme est de plus en plus contesté de parts et d'autres de la société – notamment par l'académie et les mouvements sociaux.

Peru: Undermining Justice

With global demand for natural resources increasing year on year, some of the world's poorest communities are having to fight hard to protect their environment and way of life. When protests and direct action do not work, many will try and get redress through the courts.

But when multinational companies decide that the costs of settling such cases are far less than the huge profits on offer, is justice being undermined?

Indigenous communities against the extraction industry in Peru

Since April, indigenous communities have been protesting new laws passed by President García allowing for extensive oil drilling, logging, and the construction of hydroelectric dams in the Amazonian region of Peru. Tension grew this past weekend as police opened fire on peaceful protestors.

CO contacts and WRI affiliates in Latin America

This is an - incomplete - list of groups in Latin America working on issues of conscientious objection and related areas.



1 Conscription

conscription exists

The 1979 Political Constitution, amended in 1993, states in art. 270 that "National defence is permanent and integral. Every natural or legal person is obliged to participate in it, in accordance with the law." Military service is prescribed by the 8 November 1983 Law on Compulsory Military Service (D.L. 264) and the 16 November 1984 Regulation on Military Service (Supreme Decree 072-84-PCM). [4] [1]

The 12 November 1991 Law on National Mobilisation (D.L. 733) is thought still to apply.

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