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Sri Lanka

“Vigilen sus espaldas” – Comentarios sobre la militarización de Sri Lanka

Prasanna Ratnayake

Sri Lanka tiene una larga historia de violencia armada y masacres desde que se independizó de Gran Bretaña en 1948. Hubo disturbios étnicos en 1953, ‘58, ‘77, ’83 y ’87; dos levantamientos en 1971 y 1986-90; y 30 años de guerra civil entre los Tigres de Liberación del Ealam Tamil (LTTE, por la sigla en inglés, o tigres tamiles) del Norte y el Este y los nacionalistas cingaleses del Sur. La guerra finalizó el 19 de mayo de 2009 con la masacre de decenas de miles de civiles tamiles. Para ese entonces, más de 300.000 personas se habían convertido en desplazados internos.

Dealing with the past in Batticaloa in Sri Lanka

 

In The Broken Rifle March 2004, No. 60 which focused on dealing with the past.

Roberta Bacic

WRI had already visited Sri Lanka and had been in Batticaloa in March 2003. As a follow up of this we decided to accompany the process of dealing with the past with war affected women. Rajan Iruthayanathan organised the workshop with local organisers and activists who know well the people, history and politics of the area. The women came from two villages, where almost each family has lost somebody during the war.

Peacebuilding in Tsunami-affected areas

It is estimated that women comprised up to 70% of Aceh's pre-tsunami population of four million people. Men fled the war or emigrated in search of work. According to a short update by Nonviolence International: "Given that more men survived the tsunami because of their physical strength and speed, a horrendous percentage of those killed probably were women and girls."

Dealing with the past in Batticaloa in Sri Lanka

Roberta Bacic

WRI had already visited Sri Lanka and had been in Batticaloa in March 2003. As a follow up of this we decided to accompany the process of dealing with the past with war affected women. Rajan Iruthayanathan organised the workshop with local organisers and activists who know well the people, history and politics of the area. The women came from two villages, where almost each family has lost somebody during the war.

We wrote in our proposal:

Sri Lanka

The ceasefire between Sri Lanka Security Forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), has lasted now for two years though many issues have not been dealt with and tensions remain. Nevertheless people are now turning their attention from the immediate fear of direct attacks to reconstruction, rehabilitation, and resettlement of displaced and war affected communities. In addition to this some who have long-term vision want to pose questions related to the responsibility for war crimes and the remedial measures for those who under went trauma.

Brief account of the experience in Batticaloa working with war widows from the perspective of Dealing with the Past

1st visit to Batticaloa, March 19th to 21st 2003 (see report)

2nd visit to Batticaloa, January 25th to 28th 2004

Organisers:

  • Rajan Iruthayanathan from Batticaloa, at present doing an MA in London, UK
  • N.I. Christy, from ZOA (refugee care service)
  • C.

Sri Lanka

25/07/1998

1 Conscription

conscription does not exist

Since 1983 a civil war has being waged between the Srilankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The civil war is being waged mainly in the northern and eastern provinces of the country.

Because of the civil war the armed forces have been considerably expanded, from 20,000 troops in the early 1980s to 115,000 in 1997.

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