El Salvador

El Salvador plantea servicio militar para alejar a jóvenes de pandillas


BBC Mundo
Martes, 7 de junio de 2011

Alberto Nájar

El Salvador vive una polémica por la intención del presidente, Mauricio Funes, de establecer el servicio militar obligatorio, sin armas, para alejar a jóvenes de las pandillas o la delincuencia organizada.

Pero es un tema que no se limita a ese país centroamericano. Recientemente César Duarte, gobernador de Chihuahua, en el norte de México, propuso enrolar en el ejército a los jóvenes "ninis", es decir que no estudian ni trabajan.

Nonviolence Training for the Campaign to Close the School of the Americas

On November 16, 1989, six Jesuit priests, their co-worker and her teenage daughter were massacred in El Salvador. A U.S. Congressional Task Force verified that those responsible were trained at the U.S. Army School of the Americas (SOA) at Fort Benning, Columbus, Georgia, USA. This is only the most notorious incident in the school's history of providing special training to Latin American military personnel known to have committed atrocities and engaged in torture.

El Salvador


1 Conscription

conscription not enforced

Conscription has, in general, not been enforced since 1992. In February that year a peace treaty was signed between the government and the FMLN (Farabundo Marti Liberacion Nacional), which ended a civil war which had lasted since 1980.

There is a legal basis for re-introducing conscription.

Conscription is enshrined in art. 215 of the 1983 Constitution, according to which military service is compulsory for all Salvadorans (men and women) between the ages of 18 and 30.

Books and Publications

"Death Without Weeping: Daily Life in Northeast Brazil" is the theme of the April 1994 The New Internationalist. Based on the book Death Without Weeping (600 pages, 1992, University of California Press) by anthropologist Nancy Scheper-Hughes, the lives of slum women and their children in Brazil's poverty-stricken Northeast are shocking and moving by turns. The exploitation, by sugar cane plantations, is endless and gives rise both to desperation and resistance.

Hear My Testimony by María Teresa Tula (1994, 224 pages, $14).

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