Indonesia

War Profiteer of the Month: Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE) - A Food Project Invasion in West Papua

Rosa Moiwend

Background

Papua is the western half of New Guinea, the world’s second largest island, located about 200 km from the north of Australia. When the Dutch colonised this territory, it called it Dutch New Guinea. The name of this territory has changed over time according to its political status. The Papuan political leaders then changed the name of Dutch New Guinea to West Papua when they prepared for the self-government of this territory in 1961. As soon as the Dutch left in 1962, Indonesia took over the territory, and then West Papua became one of the Indonesian provinces, called Irian Jaya. In 1999, the demand for independence from Papuans increased. In 2001 the Indonesian government granted a Special Autonomy status for Papua under law number 21, and accepted the original name of Papua. Yet, the autonomous status does not mean self-government. All development policies are still under the control of Jakarta, including the policy over investment in natural resources. Moreover, Papua is the only province of Indonesia which it is still identified as a conflict zone under the national defence policy after East Timor became an independent country in 1999 and after Acheh Province signed a Peace Agreement in 2008.

Indonesia: compulsory reserve service?

On 16 August, the Jakarta Post reported on a new draft law on a national military reserve, which is presently being debated in the Indonesian parliament. It is not clear if this is in fact the same draft that had been presented in 2007 (see CO-Update No 34, November 2007). Back then, the proposed revision to the Reserve Forces Act (RUU Komponen Cadangan) put forward by the Department of Defence contained clauses that will make Army training or service compulsory (wajib militer, wamil) for all citizens aged 18-45.

Kata Pengantar Direktur WMC

kembali ke daftar isi

Pusat Mediasi Walisongo bukan hanya sebuah lembaga yang bergerak dalam bidang penelitian tentang konflik, pelatihan, dan pengajaran tentang resolusi konflik, tetapi juga merupakan sebuah lembaga yang mengupayakan penyelesaian segala macam bentuk konflik secara damai. Ke­munculan lembaga ini merupakan respon terhadap khususnya situasi yang menyertai ambruknya rezim otoriter Orde Baru dan munculnya rezim yang menyebut dirinya reformasi. Rezim Orde Baru yang berwatak militeristik lebih mengedepankan pendekatan keamanan dalam setiap proses pembangunan. Konsekuensi dari pendekatan ini sering terdapatnya sejumlah pemaksaan yang disertai dengan tindakan-tindakan kekerasan. Demokrasi tidak berjalan. Rakyat menjadi objek daripada subjek pembangunan.

Activists raise questions about military bill

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Mon, 08/16/2010 9:26 AM | National
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/08/16/activists-raise-questions-...

The House of Representatives is deliberating a draft law on a national military reserve, to be ratified this year, while activists continue to question its viability.

The reserve component bill stipulates that among efforts to maintain national security the government must establish a reserve army comprising civilian troops, similar to the Singapore Army Operational Reserve or United States National Guard.

Introduction to the Indonesian version

Democracy, Civil Society, and Nonviolence

After decades of dictatorship under Suharto the democratic development in Indonesia is moving in a good direction. The state system is improving and a civil society is growing in size as well as importance. Any state pretending to be democratic is completely dependent on the existence of a strong civil society as a watchdog, corrective, and complement to the state.

Conscription for Indonesia?

A debate about conscription also started in Indonesia - but there conscription is to be introduced, not abolished. The proposed revision to the Reserve Forces Act (RUU Komponen Cadangan), put forward by the Department of Defence and which will go

before the parliament in early 2008, contains clauses that will make Army training or service compulsory (wajib militer, wamil) for all citizens aged 18-45.

Conscription is enshrined in the 1945 Constitution. According to art.

Peacebuilding in Tsunami-affected areas

It is estimated that women comprised up to 70% of Aceh's pre-tsunami population of four million people. Men fled the war or emigrated in search of work. According to a short update by Nonviolence International: "Given that more men survived the tsunami because of their physical strength and speed, a horrendous percentage of those killed probably were women and girls."

Wilson bin Nurtiyas: life in Cipinang prison

Wilson bin Nurtiyas is a member of the Legislation Committee of the People's Democratic Party (PRD) of Indonesia and coordinator of the Indonesian Solidarity with the Struggle of the Maubere [East Timorese] People. In September 1996, he was arrested following a demonstration in Jakarta. He was eventually sentenced to five years in prison, but was released in July of this year as part of a partial amnesty for political prisoners.

PN: You refused to leave prison. Why?

Indonesia

26/05/1998

1 Conscription

conscription exists

Conscription is enshrined in the 1945 Constitution. According to art. 179: "The Federal Law enacts regulations on the right and duty of all able citizens to assist in the maintenance of the independence of the Republic (...) and in the defence of the territory. The Federal Law regulates the exercise of this right and duty and determines the exceptions thereof." Art. 180, par.1 reads: "The armed forces of the republic (...) are entrusted with the protection of the interests of the Republic.

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