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Somalia and Ethiopia: forced recruitment and conscription for war

According to various NGOs and United Nations agencies, the use of child soldiers in Somalia has increased since fighting between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) escalated in December.


In 1991 Menghistu's Derg regime was overthrown by the Ethiopian Peoples' Democratic Revolutionary Front (EPDRF), which consisted of several liberation movements, such as the Tigray's People's Liberation Front (TPLF) and the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). A Transitional Government was formed, in which all liberation movements participated. The huge Menghistu army was demobilised and from its estimated 500,000 soldiers, nearly 400,000 underwent a re-orientation programme.
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