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Bulgaria

Rumours of conscription: Bulgaria, Iraq, North Korea

There are often rumours of conscription in times of political tension, or when right-wing spokespeople raise fears of the 'indiscipline of youth'. Such rumours often circulate without impact, but sometimes they are the start of a wider campaign and eventual reintroduction of compulsory military service.

Ist Krieg zur Erlangung von Gerechtigkeit notwendig?

Der German Marshall Fund of the United States führt jährlich Umfragen zu wichtigen "transatlantischen Trends" durch, die durchaus eine interessante Lektüre darstellen können. Eine der gestellten Fragen lautet: "Bitte sagen Sie mir, inwiefern Sie dem Folgenden zustimmen oder nicht zustimmen: Unter bestimmten Bedingungen ist Krieg notwendig, um Gerechtigkeit zu erlangen" (Q29.2). Die Antworten sind sehr aufschlussreich (siehe Grafik unten).

Conscientious objection: Legal practices and frameworks among EU member states

In this presentation I will give an overview of the right to conscientious objection, its legal practices and frameworks in the 27 European Union member states. Before I do so, I want to step back a bit and have a brief look at the existing international standards about the right to conscientious objection, as these standards allow us to put the practices in the EU member states into a perspective.

Bulgaria

Issues

  • The end of conscription in Bulgaria also meant the end of conscientious objection.

Bulgaria: conscription ended

On 25 November 2007, 2413 conscript soldiers completed their nine-month service and stepped into history as the last conscript soldiers in Bulgaria.

In 1998, the Bulgarian army had a complement of about 115 000 people, which was highly inefficient given the economic difficulties of the time.

Conscientious objection in Bulgaria - a survey

At a seminar in Plovdiv in Bulgaria, organised by Youth Society for Peace and Development on the Balkans (YSPDB) on behalf of EBCO, YSPDB presented a survey on the situation regarding conscientious objection in Bulgaria. The survey had been done in 2004, and the total sample was 1265 interviewees. Here we present some of the results:

1.

Case of Stefanov v. Bulgaria (Application no. 32438/96)

JUDGMENT
(Friendly settlement)

STRASBOURG
3 May 2001

In the case of Stefanov v. Bulgaria,

The European Court of Human Rights (Fourth Section), sitting as a Chamber composed of:

Mr G. Ress, President,
Mr A. Pastor Ridruejo,
Mr L. Caflisch,
Mr J. Makarczyk,
Mr V. Butkevych,
Mr J. Hedigan,
Mrs S. Botoucharova, judges,

and Mr V. Berger, Section Registrar,

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