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Rapport de pays: Australia

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18 août 2008

Submission to the 94th Session of the Human Rights Committee: October 2008

Australia has the distinction of having been the first country to have introduced legislative provisions recognising conscientious objection to military service. These were attached to the Defence Act of 1903 which enabled conscription. In fact, however, the provisions of that Act were not implemented until 1939; they did not apply to a compulsory military training scheme which operated between 1911 and 1929.

23 janv. 1998

1 Conscription

conscription does not exist

Conscription has been abolished in 1972. The 1951 National Service Act was rendered ineffective in 1973 by the National Service Termination Act and repealed alltogether in 1992. Conscription is not enshrined in the constitution, there is no legislation providing for conscription in peacetime and there are no provisions for registration of conscripts in peace time. [1]

The 1903 Defence Act, as amended in 1992, does provide for the introduction of conscription in war time.