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Universal Periodic Review (UPR)

Rapport à l’intention de la 115e session du Comité des droits de l’homme: RÉPUBLIQUE DE CORÉE

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Information submitted by the International Fellowship of Reconcilitation and Conscience and Peace Tax International

MOUVEMENT INTERNATIONAL DE LA RÉCONCILIATION

(IFOR)

Rapport à l’intention de la 115e session du Comité des droits de l’homme

RÉPUBLIQUE DE CORÉE

(Service militaire, objection de conscience et questions connexes)

Mise à jour : Septembre 2015

Contact :

Derek Brett

Mouvement international de la réconciliation

Représentant auprès de l’ONU, Genève

derek.brett@ifor.org

Tel : (41) 77 462 9825

Informations générales – La République de Corée et le Comité des droits de l’homme

Dans les Observations finales faisant suite à l’examen du Troisième rapport périodique de la République de Corée au titre du Pacte international relatif aux droits civils et politiques (PIDCP), le Comité des droits de l’homme se dit « préoccupé par le fait: a) que, conformément à la loi sur le service militaire de 2003, la peine encourue en cas de refus d’effectuer le service militaire actif est un emprisonnement d’une durée pouvant aller jusqu’à trois ans et qu’il n’existe pas de limite législative au nombre de fois que ces personnes peuvent être appelées et soumises à de nouvelles sanctions; b) que les personnes qui n’ont pas effectué leur service militaire ne peuvent occuper des emplois dans l’administration ou les organismes publics et c) que les objecteurs de conscience condamnés sont stigmatisés du fait de leur casier judiciaire (art. 18) ». Il formule la recommandation suivante : « L’État partie devrait prendre toutes les mesures nécessaires pour reconnaître le droit des objecteurs de conscience d’être exemptés du service militaire. Il est encouragé à aligner sa législation sur l’article 18 du Pacte. Le Comité appelle, à cet égard, son attention sur le paragraphe 11 de son observation générale no 22 (1993) relative à l’article 18 (liberté de pensée, de conscience et de religion). »1

Submission on Kyrgyzstan: Universal Periodic Review, prepared June 2014

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Information submitted by the International Fellowship of Reconcilitation and Conscience and Peace Tax International

INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIP OF RECONCILIATION (IFOR)

and

CONSCIENCE AND PEACE TAX INTERNATIONAL

UPR SUBMISSION KYRGYZSTAN JAN/FEB 2015

Contact: Derek Brett

IFOR Main Representative to the UN, Geneva

derekubrett@gmail.com

Executive summary:

This submission focusses on issues of military service and freedom of conscience in Kyrgyzstan. The specific concerns it raises are:

The recognition as conscientious objectors to military service only members of specific religious denominations, and discriminatory features of the alternative service available.

Shortcomings in the 2008 Law on Religious Associations

Militarisation of the secondary education system

Trial of civilians in military courts

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Republic of Korea. Addendum: Response of the Republic of Korea on the Universal Periodic Review recommendations

A/HRC/8/40/Add.1

(...)

Recommendation:

"17. To recognize the right of conscientious objection by law, to decriminalize refusal of active military service and to remove any current prohibition from employment in Government or public organizations, in line with the recommendation by the Human Rights Committee (Slovenia);"

Response by the Government

"Alternative service programs for conscientious objectors are currently being studied."

Recommendation:

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Austria. Addendum: Views on conclusions and/or recommendations, voluntary commitments and replies presented by the State under review

A/HRC/17/8/Add.1

(...)

93.47 Austria does not accept the recommendation.
The option of performing the military service starting at the age of 17 is based solely on the voluntary enlistment of the person concerned and requires the consent of his legal guardian. Neither the direct participation in combat nor the voluntary enlistment for military service in international operations is admissible. Under these provisions, full respect of the entire Convention on the Rights of the Child including its Optional Protocol is guaranteed.

(...)

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Estonia

A/HRC/17/17

(...)

58. Slovakia (...) noted the (...) lack of clear grounds for accepting or rejecting an application for an alternative to military service. Slovakia made recommendations.

(...)

II. Conclusions and/or recommendations

77. The recommendations formulated during the interactive dialogue and listed below have been examined by and enjoy the support of Estonia.

(...)

77.77. Ensure that the right of conscientious objection to military service is upheld, and clarify the grounds for acceptance or rejection of such claims (Slovakia);

(...)

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Paraguay

A/HRC/17/18

(...)

44. Ghana asked about measures taken to respond to requests made by the ILO Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations and the Human Rights Committee to enforce the legislation prohibiting the recruitment of children by the military. It referred to the gap that existed between men and women’s income at almost all levels, despite legal provisions on equal remuneration. Ghana made recommendations.

(...)

II. Conclusions and/or recommendations

(...)

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Austria

A/HRC/17/8

(...)

“93.The following recommendations will be examined by Austria which will provide responses in due time, but no later than the seventeenth session of the Human Rights Council in June 2011:

(...)

93.47. Raise the age for all enrolments into armed forces to the age of at least 18 years in line with the CRC recommendation (Ghana, Slovakia);”

(...)

Source: http://daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/119/21/PDF/G1111921.pdf?O...

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Georgia

A/HRC/17/11

(...)

37. Slovenia took note of the concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee on the issue of conscientious objectors, in particular, the differences between the length of non-military alternative service and military service and asked what steps had been taken to address that difference. Slovenia made recommendations.

(...)

II. Conclusions and/or recommendations

105. The recommendations formulated during the interactive dialogue and listed below have been examined by Georgia enjoy the support of Georgia:

(...)

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