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Belarus

Belarus: Alternative Service Law withdrawn as prisoner awaits trial

By Felix Corley, Forum 18 News Service

As a religious conscientious objector detained for over a month nears trial
in the capital Minsk, Belarus looks no nearer to providing an alternative
to compulsory military service, Forum 18 News Service notes. Ivan
Mikhailov's month in prison insisting on his right to alternative civilian
service is "the price he is paying for his choice", Mikhail Pashkevich of
the campaign For Alternative Civilian Service told Forum 18 from Minsk on
15 January.

BELARUS: Conscientious objector Dzmitry Smyk charged for refusing military service

Activist:
Pays:
  • Biélorussie
Alert:

War Resisters' International learned today that Belarusian conscientious objector Dzmitry Smyk, 23, from the city of Homel, has been charged for not joining the army.

Dzmitry Smyk, a member of the Jehovah's Witnesses, was officially charged on 8 October with avoiding mandatory military service. Draft evasion is punishable by a fine or up to two years' imprisonment, if committed after administrative punishment was imposed.

Trial of conscientious objector Dzmitry Smyk

Activist:
Pays:
  • Biélorussie
Not sent after:
  • 19 Oct 2009
  • Use this form to send the letter below to the relevant authority (Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus). You can add your own notes in a separate box after the standard text, if you wish. You must include a name, address, and email address; a copy will be sent to you with a cc to the WRI office (so we have a record of how many email letters have been sent out for this particular case).

Trial of conscientious objector Dzmitry Smyk

Dear President Alexander Lukashenko

I am very concerned about the trial of conscientious objector Dzmitry Smyk, a member of the Jehovah's Witnesses from the city of Homel, who has been charged for refusing military service.

Biélorussie : un militant de l’opposition exclu l’université et recruté par l’armée

Le recrutement des armées ne se fait pas toujours dans le cadre d’objectifs purement militaires. Fréquemment, les autorités utilise le recrutement militaire comme un outil pour mettre au pas les militants de l’opposition comme ce fut le cas récemment en Biélorussie.

Dzmitry Zhaleznichenka, membre du Front Populaire Biélorusse, fut exclu de l’université le 22 janvier 2008 devenant ainsi incorporable pour le service militaire actif.

Belarus

As published in The Right to Conscientious Objection in Europe, Quaker Council for European Affairs, 2005.

Conscription

Conscription is enshrined in Article 57 of the 1994 Constitution and further regulated by the 1992 Law on Universal Military Duty and Military Service.

The length of military service is 18 months, and 12 months for university and college graduates.

All men between the ages of 18 and 27 are liable for military service.

Observations finales du Comité des droits de l’homme: Bélarus

CCPR/C/79/Add.86
19 novembre 1997

(...)

16. Le Comité prend acte de la déclaration de la délégation bélarussienne selon laquelle une législation sur l'objection de conscience au service militaire est envisagée. A cet égard :

Le Comité recommande que soit promulguée à une date proche, en conformité avec l'article 18 du Pacte et l'Observation générale 22 (48) du Comité, une loi exemptant les objecteurs de conscience du service militaire obligatoire et prévoyant un service civil de substitution, d'une durée équivalente.

(...)

Observations finales du Comité des droits de l'homme : Belarus. 19/11/1997.

Observations finales du Comité des droits de l'homme : Belarus.

19/11/1997.

CCPR/C/79/Add.86. (Concluding Observations/Comments)

(...)

16. Le Comité prend acte de la déclaration de la délégation bélarussienne selon laquelle une législation sur l'objection de conscience au service militaire est envisagée. A cet égard :

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