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Uzbekistan

The Next Arms Race?

October 15, 2009

An arms race may be fermenting in Central Asia. The region’s ethnic diversity coupled with its fierce nationalism is providing fertile ground for competitive militarization. Weapon purchases are on the rise and standing armies are being bolstered. Take for example Kyrgyzstan. Last December the Kyrgyz government passed a singularly aggressive draft bill. According to First Lieutenant Ivan Mikhailov the measure is expected to bolster the current 12,500 troops with an additional 6,000 in the mobile reserve and 20,000 in the alternative service this year alone. The active call up began October 1st and is obligatory for all Kyrgyz men 18 and over.

Uzbekistan: Conscientious objection only for some registered religions

During the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) at the Human Rights Council, Uzbekistan insisted that conscientious objection will only be recognised for "members of registered religious organizations, the faith of which prevent the use of weapons and service in the armed forces".

Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: Uzbekistan. Addendum: Views on conclusions and/or recommendations, voluntary commitments and replies presented by the State under review

A/HRC/10/83/Add.1

(...)

Recommendation 11

17. According to the article 22, paragraph 1, page 1 of the Law “On general military duty and military service” recruits are released from military duty and military service in a mobilization invocatory reserve during the peacetime:

(a) If recognized unfit for military service due to health problems;
(b) If one of near relatives (brother, sister) has died during the military service;
(c) If he/she has a holy order in one of the registered religious organizations.

Observations finales du Comité des droits de l’homme: Ouzbékistan

CCPR/CO/71/UZB
26 avril 2001

(...)

24. Le Comité est très préoccupé par les dispositions de la loi sur la liberté de conscience et les organisations religieuses, qui imposent aux organisations et associations religieuses d'être enregistrées pour pouvoir pratiquer leur religion et manifester leurs croyances. Il s'inquiète également de l'article 240 du Code pénal qui rend passibles d'une peine les dirigeants d'organisations religieuses qui ne font pas enregistrer leurs statuts.

Uzbekistan

28/04/1998

1 Conscription

conscription exists

Conscription is enshrined in art. 51 of the 1994 Constitution, which states: "The defence of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the duty of every citizen of the Republic of Uzbekistan. All citizens are obliged to perform military service or alternative service in the way as detailed in law."

Its legal basis is the 1992 Law on Defence. [4]

military service

All men between the ages of 18 and 27 are liable for military service.

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