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Ruanda: reclutamiento, deserción y enjuiciamiento de soldados

Este informe fue escrito por un investigador ruandés, que trabaja con la Internacional de Resistentes a la Guerra y Connection e.V.


Ruanda es un país africano sin salida al mar, con una historia reciente de guerra y conflicto. En 1990, un ejército rebelde formado por refugiados tutsis en su mayoría exiliados, atacó al ejército regular de Uganda. La guerra duró cuatro años y el grupo rebelde, el Frente Patriótico Ruandés, tomó el control del país y puso fin al genocidio de 1994. Su rama militar, el Ejército Patriótico Ruandés, acogió a algunos de los miembros derrotados del ejército regular y se convirtieron en las Fuerzas Ruandesas de Defensa.

Conscientious Objection to Military Service: Issues for the Country Report Task Forces - RWANDA

Submission to the 94th Session of the Human Rights Committee: October 2008

Rwanda has never used conscription in order to recruit its national armed forces, although at various times armed opposition groups which had formerly been or were subsequently to form the government were accused of widespread forced recruitment, including of children, especially outside Rwandan territory.

National law makes no provision for conscientious objection, and there are no reports that this issue has yet arisen with regard to the national armed forces.


In 1994 a genocide took place in Rwanda, in which an estimated 850,000 people were killed. The genocide ended when the Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA), the armed wing of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), invaded Rwanda and defeated the government forces (FAR). The RPA are now the official Rwandan armed forces. [5] [9]

1 Conscription

conscription does not exist

Rwanda has no conscription. [8]


The minimum legal recruitment age is 18.

African Women for Peace

African women peace activists were very visible during the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women and the parallel NGO Forum, which took place in Beijing, China, in September 1995. A highlight of the opening ceremony for the NGO Forum featured the presentation of a peace torch by the African Women for Conflict and Peace Project. "The woman is the first person to promote peace, because she is the first victim when there is no peace," said one African activist. Below is a brief sketch of some of the peace work African women are involved in.


Newest WRI Women Member

Congratulations to Simone Maria Helwig on becoming the youngest WRI Women's Working Group member! Simone was born December 20, the first child of WRI Women's Working Group coordinator Maggie Helwig and former "Peace News" editor Ken Simons. Congratulations to the happy parents! Maggie and her family will be returning to Canada in a few months, where they will continue their peace work.

March 8 Activities

March 8, International Women's Day, was celebrated in a variety of ways around the world. In Turkey, the women of Izmir Savas Karsitlari Dernegi (ISKD--the Izmir War Resisters Association) produced Dario Fo's play "The Rape", and held a discussion afterwards with the audience. The women joined with other organizations to march on March 11, rather than March 8, in order to increase participation.

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