Chile

Mapuches and the conflict with the logging industry

In the south of Chile, the logging industry - supported by the state - threatens the ecology and the culture of the region. Back at the beginnings of colonialism, the Spanish tried to dispossess the Mapuches of their land. Now, commercial plantations of pine and eucalyptus threaten the native flora and fauna, and both contaminate water and cause shortages that prevent the cultivation of other crops.

Mapuches y el conflicto con la industria forestal

En el sur de Chile, la industria forestal –patrocinada por el Estado– constituye una amenaza para la ecología y la cultura de la región. Ya en los primeros tiempos del colonialismo, los españoles intentaron despojar a los mapuches de sus tierras. Hoy, las plantaciones comerciales de pino y eucalipto amenazan la flora y la fauna autóctonas, además de contaminar el agua y provocar períodos de escasez que impiden el cultivo de otras cosechas.

Movimiento de rechazo al SMO y resistencia al militarismo en Chile (1990-2007)

Se asume aquí como tema "el movimiento de rechazo al Servicio Militar Obligatorio (en adelante SMO) y de resistencia al militarismo en Chile", desarrollado entre 1990 y 2007; periodo político que en nuestro país ha sido señalado como una etapa de "vuelta" y de "transición" a la democracia, después de 17 años de dictadura militar.

Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: CHILE

CCPR/C/CHL/CO/5
18 May 2007

(...)

13. The Committee notes the State party’s intention to adopt a law recognizing the right of conscientious objection to military service, but continues to be concerned that this right has still not been recognized (article 18 of the Covenant).

Recent co-alerts

CHILE: Six conscientious objectors in hiding

Country:
  • Chile
Alert:

Six Chilean conscientious objector went into hiding, to avoid being recruited into the Chilean military. Diego Contreras (CL14916, 19 years) from Concepcion, Cesar Romero (CL14917, 18 years), Patricio Alvarado (CL14918, 19 years), Jaime Silva (CL14919, 18 years) from Temuco, and Jorge Arevalo (CL14920, 18 years) and Sebastian Orlandi (CL14921, 18 years) from Santiago declared themselves conscientious objectors in the past year, when the new law on military service came into force, which introduced the automatic registration of youth eligible for conscription when they turn 18.

Conscientious objectors Contreras, Romero, Alvarado, Silva, Arevalo, Orlandi

Country:
  • Chile
Not sent after:
  • 26 Apr 2007
  • Use this form to send the letter below to the relevant authority (Minister of Defence, Vivianne Blanlot Soza). You can add your own notes in a separate box after the standard text, if you wish. You must include a name, address, and email address; a copy will be sent to you with a cc to the WRI office (so we have a record of how many email letters have been sent out for this particular case).

Conscientious objectors Contreras, Romero, Alvarado, Silva, Arevalo, Orlandi

Dear Sra Vivianne Blanlot Soza

I am very concerned about the situation of six conscientious objectors - Diego Contreras, Cesar Romero, Patricio Alvarado, Jaime Silva, Jorge Arevalo, and Sebastian Orlandi - who were forced to go into hiding, to avoid being recruited to the military of Chile, against their stated conscientious objection.

Conscientious Objection to Military Service - CHILE

Submission to the 89th Session of the Human Rights Committee: March 2007:

Summary

Chile has not hitherto recognised the right of conscientious objection to military service. The Government has repeatedly referred to the low rate of enforcement of obligatory military service as though this rendered such recognition unnecessary.

More conscientious objectors in Chile resist new military recruitment law

On 10 October 2006 12 total objectors presented themselves to the public in the Chilean city of Linares. These twelve objectors were the first of a wave of presentation of total objectors in opposition to the new law on military service, which came into force at the beginning of this year. According to Article 29 of the new law on military service, recruitment is mainly voluntarily. However, if the recruitment quota cannot be filled by volunteers alone, then the remainder will be filled with conscripts.

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