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Brazil

War profiteer of the month: Providence Equity Partners

Providence Equity Partners is a global private equity firm focused on media, communications, education and information investments. Providence Equity Partners have a history of profiteering from war, including owning the company U.S.Investigation Services, which trained the violent and secretive 'Emergency Response Unit', an Iraqi paramilitary security organisation.

Brazil - becoming an arms producer power

Compared with countries in the Middle East, Europe and especially the United States, Latin American nations don't spend vast amounts in defence. Border disputes have been mostly settled; the potential for conflicts between states is minimal. But lately this seems to be changing with a number of countries increasing their arms purchase, and Brazil is leading this new arms trade wave in the region.

Brazil: more conscription as a result of the modernisation of the Brasilian military?

The New York Times reported on 18 December that Brazil is planning to modernise its military. According to the report, this will include a national debate on conscription, with the aim to enforce the countries existing conscription laws.

President of Brazil Unveils Plan to Upgrade Military

By ALEXEI BARRIONUEVO
Published: December 18, 2008
The New York Times

BRASÍLIA — President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil unveiled a new national defense strategy on Thursday, calling for upgrading the military forces and remaking the defense industry. The plan also called for a debate in Brazil on whether mandatory military service should be enforced and how the armed forces should be professionalized.

A Few Workshops

Controlling Fear

Convenor: Roberta Bacic, Chile

Within the context of the WRI Triennial, a short workshop was developed on the control of fear. There was a large attendance and active participation in this workshop which made possible a dialogue and exchange of experiences on all kinds of valuable and significant activity carried out in various countries.

The workshop was divided into two parts;

Brazil

1 Conscription

conscription exists

Conscription is referred to in art. 143 of the 1988 Federal Constitution which states that military service is compulsory. [1] [5]

Conscription is regulated by the Military Service Decree. [5]

military service

According to the Military Service Decree all 19-year-old citizens are liable for military service. [5]

But in practice it seems that men are called up at the age of 18. [3] [7]

Military service lasts for 12 months, and may be extended to 18 months.

Land for the people

Landless people in Brazil are resorting to direct action to meet their needs; Grace Livingstone reports.

Rural landless labourers converged on Brasilia last April after a 1000km march. They were met m the Brazilian capital by a 50,000 strong cheering crowd waving banners, throwing flowers and offering baskets of food. The government agreed to meet the leaders of the landless.

Making Women Visible: A Report from the WRI Triennial

by Maggie Helwig

"Our daily lives must be visible," says Staša. "They must become international policy. It is my international policy that Haya comes to my house. That is my government."

Staša, from Belgrade, and Haya, from Jerusalem, were both part of the theme group on women's work against violence at the War Resisters International's Triennial in Sao Leopoldo, Brazil, held in December 1994. Although the group's conclusions cannot be summed up in any brief form, Staša's words do express a fundamental principle underlying much of what was said.

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